An invasive species is an animal or plant that comes to an area and is not originally from that area. The organism then takes over the area wiping out most the native plants found there. Some of the ways an invasive species can come to an area are:
~ People thinking that a plant is pretty and move it to their yard,
~ On shipping vessels from the ocean, (for example, the introduction of the zebra muscle to the Great Lakes),
~Deliberately brought to a place to increase crop production.
Most of the invasive species are brought to the place that they are invading by humans. The Africanized Honey Bee was brought to America by people to increase crop production.
The Africanized Honey Bee is an invasive species originally found in Africa. Where the Africanized Honey Bee was originally found in Africa it was mostly deserts, rain forests, and crop growing. The Africanized Honey Bee was brought to South America for breeding with the bees in South America. At first the bees were kept in quarantine but a few of the bees escaped and moved to North America.
The scientific name for the Africanized Honey Bee is Apis Mellifera Scutella Lepeletier. Its appearance is similar to that of the European Honey Bee, the only way to tell the difference is under a microscope. When seen under a microscope, the Africanized Honey Bee is golden with black stripes and the European Honey Bee is golden with brown stripes. The behavior of the Africanized honey Bee is characterized by high irritability and they have been known to chase people up to a quarter of a mile away from the hive.
The Africanized Honey Bee was introduced to lower California and Nevada, Utah, most of New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, and parts of Louisiana, Arkansas, and Florida. The climate of most of these places is dry and temperate like Africa. The geography of the places that the Africanized Honey Bee has invaded is flat with some trees mixed in. The Africanized Honey Bee was brought to Southern North America to be breed with European Honey Bee to increase honey production. See Map.
Where the Africanized Honey Bee has invaded there are lots of farmers growing crops. When there are a lot of crops in one area the farmers get stung because they import hives to pollinate their fields. The Africanized Honey Bee is nick named “Killer Bee”